Argentinean companies are often what are usually referred to as relationship driven hierarchies.
Argentine society in general is very status conscious. Great emphasis is placed on what social class you belong to, which university you went to, where you are from and where you live. In such a class conscious society, it is hardly surprising that all local business structures would tend to be extremely hierarchical.
Argentinean companies are relationship driven hierarchies which means that the chain of command as outlined in a published organisation chart will not necessarily correspond exactly to the actual internal structure of the business. Who reports to whom and at which point in the chain the decisions are made could depend as much on a complex web of relationships and obligations as it might on the title of an individual. It is usually a very good idea to have a local guide to help you through this complexity – if you haven’t got that local guide, be very observant.
As you would expect in such a hierarchically driven culture, it is important that you are dealing with the right person within an organisation as relatively less power will have been devolved than might be expected in a more matrix organisation. Don’t waste time negotiating with the wrong people. Do some homework in advance on the hierarchy and structure you are likely to encounter.