A state of the European Union located in south-western Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, Spanish territory (505,370 sq. km) also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, which are located more than 1,000 km south of the
Peninsula, just off the coast of Africa. The cities of Ceuta (18sq. km) and Melilla (14sq. km) in northern Africa are also part of Spain.
The population of Spain is around 47 million, which averages to a density of 92 inhabitants per square kilometre. This is one of the lowest density rates in the European Union (EU).
Spain is a parliamentary monarchy. The Constitution provides separation between legislative, executive and judiciary powers.
Spanish is the official language of the
State. However, Catalan, Euskera and Gallego are also official languages in some areas.
In Spain, as in many other countries of the EU, the official currency since January 2002 has been the euro.