With respect to Saudi Arabian employees, an employer is required to pay an amount equal to 9% Of the employee’s salary and withhold 9% of the employee ‘salary for social security contributions, these funds are pooled together with the Saudi Government’s subsidies to support the grant of old age pensions, marriage grants and death grants.
The employer is also required to pay 2% of Saudi Arabian and foreign workers’ salaries for occupational hazards insurance. This insurance programme covers private sector.
Saudi Arabia has a system called sponsorship, which means that with the permission of the sponsor, the foreign nationals or expatriate workers can only enter work and leave the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The Saudi Laws prohibits foreign employees to work without a work permit or for a person other than their sponsor/employer.
The Saudi Arabia government has provided high importance to the improvement of health care services in primary, secondary and tertiary levels.
As a consequence, the health of the Saudi population has greatly improved in recent decades. However, a number of issues pose challenges to the health care system, such a shortage of Saudi health professionals, the health ministry’s (105) numerous roles, varying patterns of illnesses, inadequate financial resources, elevated demand that leads to free services, health care facilities poor accessibility, national crisis management policy absence, the potential of electronic health strategies underutilization and unavailability of a national health information system.
This paper reviews the current structure and historical development of Saudi Arabia’s health care system with specific emphasis on the public health sector and the chances, opportunities and challenges dealing the Saudi health care system.