There is no general requirement for a contract to be in writing although most collective labour agreements do so. However, all part-time and fixed-term contracts must be in writing. Enterprises with 15 or more employees must recruit personnel from “protected categories” including widows, orphans, refugees and disabled people.
Collective agreements regularly define minimum levels of wages and benefits and they usually provide 13 or 14 payment periods per year.
The average working day is 8 hours. Including overtime, the maximum working week is 48 hours over a reference period of a maximum of 4 months. Overtime cannot exceed 250 hours per year and the employer may incur administrative fines if this limit is not respected.
In Italy, there are 11 religious and national holidays. Everyone is granted 1 day of rest per week and an annual holiday period of 4 weeks.
The aim of the “Jobs Act” is to help create new jobs, reduce the cost of permanent employment and make the labour market more modern and competitive. The main developments in the Jobs Act are:
contract providing increasing levels of protection to employees, as the length of time they work for an employer increases
When an employee is dismissed, for whatever reason, he is entitled to the following mandatory payments:
The Italian Social Security System, managed by INPS (“Istituto Nazionale Previdenza Sociale”), is compulsory and provides comprehensive benefits for all employees. Employees and employers jointly finance social security costs, which are based on gross earnings. Employers pay two thirds of contributions whilst employees pay the remaining third.
The compulsory state pension system in Italy is financed by social contributions paid by employers. The retirement age ranges from 60 to 66 years, although retirement is also allowed after 42 years of contributions (41 for women).
It is possible to sign up for supplementary pension provision.